EM10 Tussock Meadow Mixture

Minimum Quantity: 100g

Maximum Quantity: 50,000g

£14.00

  • £ / 100g : £14.00
  • £ / 1,000g : £74.00
  • £ / 10,000g : £680.00
  • £ / 100,000g : £6,260.00
Quantity (grams)
Subtotal
<100
£14.00
100 - 999
£0.14 per gram
1000 - 9999
£0.07 per gram
10000 - 99999
£0.07 per gram
100000+
£0.06 per gram
× EM10 Tussock Meadow Mixture

Suggested Sowing Rates

40kg/ha                16kg/acre            4g/m2

Description

The varied forms of the grasses in EM10 provide the main focus of interest of this mixture. The tussock forming grasses are combined with wild flowers like knapweeds and vetches which can cope with competition from taller vegetation. This mixture has been devised to create areas of tussocky grassland that, once established, require little or no maintenance. This grassland type can form a good habitat for insects, small mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles, providing nesting sites during spring, food during summer and autumn, and shelter during winter.

Ground Preparation

Endeavour to select ground that is not highly fertile and does not have a problem with perennial weeds. Good preparation is essential to success so aim to control weeds and produce a good quality seed bed before sowing.

To prepare a seed bed first remove weeds using repeated cultivation. Then plough or dig to bury the surface vegetation, harrow or rake to produce a medium tilth, and roll, or tread, to produce a firm surface.

Sowing

Seed is best sown in the autumn or spring but can be sown at other times of the year if there is sufficient warmth and moisture. The seed must be surface sown and can be applied by machine or broadcast by hand. To get an even distribution and avoid running out divide the seed into two or more parts and sow in overlapping sections. Do not incorporate or cover the seed, but firm in with a roll, or by treading, to give good soil/seed contact.

First Year Management

Most of the sown meadow species are perennial and are slow to establish. Soon after sowing there will be a flush of annual weeds, arising from the soil seed bank. These weeds can look unsightly, but they will offer shelter to the sown seedlings, are great for bugs, and they will die before the year is out. So resist cutting the annual weeds until mid to late summer, especially if the mixture contains Yellow Rattle, or has been sown with a nurse of cornfield annuals. Then cut, remove and compost. Early August is a good time. This will reveal the young meadow, which can then be kept short by grazing or mowing through to the end of March of the following year. Carefully dig out any residual perennial weeds such as docks.

Management Once Established

Once established tussocky grassland requires minimal maintenance. Unwanted perennial weeds (docks, thistles) may need control by selective scything before seeding. To control scrub and bramble development, tussocky areas may need cutting every 2-3 years between October and February. For wildlife this cutting is best done on a rotational basis so that no more than half the area is cut in any one year leaving part as an undisturbed refuge.

Composition

EM10 is a complete mix composed of 20% native wild flowers and 80% grasses (by weight). The flower and grass components are also available to order separately as EM10F for the flower component and EG10 for the grass component.

Wild Flowers 20%

0.80% Achillea millefolium – Yarrow

0.60% Agrimonia eupatoria – Agrimony

0.20% Arctium minus – Lesser Burdock

2.00% Centaurea nigra – Common Knapweed

1.00% Centaurea scabiosa – Greater Knapweed

0.40% Chaerophyllum temulum – Rough Chervil

0.40% Cruciata laevipes – Crosswort

1.00% Daucus carota – Wild Carrot

1.60% Dipsacus fullonum – Wild Teasel

0.60% Filipendula ulmaria – Meadowsweet

1.80% Galium album – Hedge Bedstraw

0.80% Knautia arvensis – Field Scabious

0.40% Lathyrus pratensis – Meadow Vetchling

1.60% Leucanthemum vulgare – Oxeye Daisy

1.60% Malva moschata – Musk Mallow

1.80% Plantago lanceolata – Ribwort Plantain

1.60% Poterium sanguisorba – Salad Burnet

1.20% Silene dioica – Red Campion

0.20% Silene vulgaris – Bladder Campion

0.40% Vicia Cracca – Tufted Vetch

Grasses 80%

4.00% Alopecurus pratensis – Meadow Foxtail (w)

24.00% Cynosurus cristatus – Crested Dogstail

8.00% Dactylis glomerata – Cocksfoot (w)

20.00% Festuca rubra ssp rubra – Slender-creeping Red Fescue

4.00% Poa pratensis – Smooth-stalked Meadow-grass

20.00% Schedonorus arundinaceus (Festuca arundinacea) – Tall Fescue (w)