EG23 – Shade Tolerant Turfgrass Mixture

Composition

EG23 is composed of bent and fescue grasses with the addition of wood meadow-grass and rough-stalked meadow-grass. This combination of grasses gives fine structure combined with some tolerance of shade.

Grasses

% Latin name Common name
15 Agrostis capillaris Common Bent
30 Festuca rubra Slender-creeping Red-fescue
30 Festuca rubra ssp. commutata Chewing's Fescue
15 Poa nemoralis Wood Meadow-grass
10 Poa trivialis Rough-stalked Meadow-grass
100

Sowing Rates

kg/ha kg/acre g/m2 Order Mixture
250 100 25 Order this mixture

Growing guide

Grasses do best in full sun and generally struggle to thrive in shade. As well as a simple lack of light, shaded areas frequently impose other stresses on grass such as drought caused by tree roots or the rain shadow of a building.

To give the grasses in EG23 the best chance it is important to take the following steps to reduce the impact of these additional stresses:

  • Do not mow the grass too short, especially during periods of prolonged dry or cold weather.
  • Avoid exposing the grass to wear and tear.
  • Do clear fallen leaves in the autumn.
In deeper shade it may prove impossible to maintain a reasonable regularly mown sward. In this situation it might be better to opt for a more informal and open vegetation structure and sow a woodland mixture of grasses, perhaps with wildflowers, like EW1. In very deep shade, such as you find under yew or beech trees, very little can be grown with the exception, perhaps, of ivy or spring bulbs.

Ground preparation

As with all seeding, good preparation is essential to success so aim to control weeds and produce a good quality seed bed before sowing.

First remove weeds using repeated cultivation or a herbicide. Plough or dig to bury any surface trash, then cultivate the soil with a rotovator, harrow or rake to produce a medium tilth. Ideally after this initial cultivation and levelling leave the ground to settle for several days or weeks. This will allow the soil to settle, after which any unevenness can be corrected. It also gives another opportunity to control any residual weeds which emerge during this time (‘stale seedbed technique') (more on preparation).

Getting an even surface is important for a good lawn, especially for close-mown ornamental lawns.  Lightly re-cultivate the surface, pick off any large stones or bricks, then rake and roll (or tread) the soil surface repeatedly in different directions, moving soil if needed to smooth out minor humps and depressions until you have a firm even surface. The final raking and rolling should produce a seed bed with a medium-fine tilth ready for seeding.

Sowing

Seed is best sown in the autumn or spring but can be sown at other times of the year if there is sufficient warmth and moisture in the soil.  Moisture may be supplied artificially by watering but must be thorough enough to penetrate at least 100mm, and continued after sowing if dry weather follows.

Seed should be surface sown onto a freshly prepared seed bed and can be applied by machine or broadcast by hand. To get an even distribution, divide the seed into two or more parts and sow in overlapping sections.

After sowing lightly rake or harrow the surface to settle the seed in. Take care not to bury the seed at depth. Firm with a roll, or by treading, to give good soil/seed contact. (more on sowing)

Aftercare

First season management

Once seedling grasses are established, (typically in good growing conditions about three to four weeks after sowing), lightly roll or tread to firm and level the soil around the grass roots ready for the first cut.  (Do not roll however if the ground is saturated with water).

After a few days, when the grass has picked up again, the lawn will be ready for its first cut.  Cut with the mower set on a high setting (50mm +), aiming to trim the sown grass back by about one-third of its height and cut back any weeds.

Thereafter mow the new lawn regularly as needed, progressively reducing the mowing height over its first spring/summer to the desired height.

A new sown lawn will take a full year or more to reach full strength and ground cover and knit together as a turf.  It can be walked on during establishment, but avoid heavy use that might cause wear and tear.

Management once established

Mow lawns regularly as required throughout the growing season (generally March - October). (more on lawn management)

In periods of drought, some dieback of grass is likely. Watering is one possible solution to this but is often unsustainable. In some years it may be necessary to reseed badly affected areas at the end of the season.

Moss grows well in shade and benefits from the reduced vigour and competition from grass. Unless you are trying to maintain a top quality lawn (against the odds in shade) it is probably best to accept the moss to a large degree.

Ordering

You can order any quantity of this mixture from 0.1kg up to 500kg. Please contact us if you require more.

nb: 1000g = 1kg, 100g = 0.1kg

Prices include p&p to most mainland destinations, more on delivery charges.

Prices

£/100kg £780.00
£/10kg £84.00
£/1kg £12.00
£/100g £5.00

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