EM10 – Tussock Mixture


The varied forms of the grasses in EM10 provide the main focus of interest of this mixture. The tussock forming grasses are combined with wild flowers like knapweeds and vetches which can cope with competition from taller vegetation. This mixture has been devised to create areas of tussocky grassland that, once established, require little or no maintenance. This grassland type can form a good habitat for insects, small mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles, providing nesting sites during spring, food during summer and autumn, and shelter during winter.

Wild Flowers

% Latin name Common name
0.5 Achillea millefolium Yarrow
0.1 Agrimonia eupatoria Agrimony
0.1 Alliaria petiolata Garlic Mustard
1 Arctium minus Lesser Burdock
1.1 Centaurea nigra Common Knapweed
0.5 Centaurea scabiosa Greater Knapweed
0.1 Chaerophyllum temulum Rough Chervil
0.2 Cirsium eriophorum Woolly Thistle
4.2 Dipsacus fullonum Wild Teasel
0.2 Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet
4.2 Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed
0.2 Knautia arvensis Field Scabious
1 Leucanthemum vulgare Oxeye Daisy - (Moon Daisy)
6 Malva moschata Musk Mallow
0.1 Ranunculus acris Meadow Buttercup
0.5 Silene latifolia White Campion


% Latin name Common name
1 Alopecurus pratensis Meadow Foxtail (w)
16 Cynosurus cristatus Crested Dogstail
16 Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot
4 Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted Hair-grass (w)
24 Festuca rubra Strong-creeping Red-fescue
1 Holcus lanatus Yorkshire Fog
10 Schedonorus arundinaceus - (Festuca arundinacea) Tall Fescue (w)
8 Schedonorus pratensis (Festuca pratensis) Meadow Fescue

Sowing Rates

kg/ha kg/acre g/m2 Order Mixture
40 16 4 Order this mixture

Growing guide

Ground preparation

Endeavour to select ground that is not highly fertile and does not have a problem with perennial weeds. Good preparation is essential to success so aim to control weeds and produce a good quality seed bed before sowing.

To prepare a seed bed first remove weeds using repeated cultivation. Then plough or dig to bury the surface vegetation, harrow or rake to produce a medium tilth, and roll, or tread, to produce a firm surface. (more on preparation)


Seed is best sown in the autumn or spring but can be sown at other times of the year if there is sufficient warmth and moisture. The seed must be surface sown and can be applied by machine or broadcast by hand. To get an even distribution and avoid running out divide the seed into two or more parts and sow in overlapping sections. Do not incorporate or cover the seed, but firm in with a roll, or by treading, to give good soil/seed contact. (more on sowing)


First year management

Most sown meadow wild flower and grass species are perennial; they will be slow to germinate and grow and will not usually flower in their first growing season. There will often be a flush of annual weeds from the soil in the first growing season which may grow up and obscure the meadow seedlings beneath. This annual weed growth is easily controlled by topping or mowing.

Mow newly sown meadows regularly throughout the first year of establishment to a height of 40-60mm, removing cuttings if dense.  This will control annual weeds and help maintain balance between faster growing grasses and slower developing wild flowers.

Avoid cutting in the spring and early summer if the mixture has been sown with a nurse cover of cornfield annuals, or is autumn sown and contains Yellow Rattle. These sown annuals should be allowed to flower, then in mid-summer cut back and the cut vegetation removed. It is important to cut back cornfield annuals before they die back, set seed or collapse: this cut will reveal the developing meadow mixture and give it the space it needs to develop.

Carefully dig out any residual perennial weeds such as docks.

For more detail see grassland management

Management once established

Once established tussocky grassland requires minimal maintenance.

Unwanted perennial weeds (docks, thistles) may need control by selective scything before seeding. To control scrub and bramble development, tussocky areas may need cutting every 2-3 years between October and February. For wildlife this cutting is best done on a rotational basis so that no more than half the area is cut in any one year leaving part as an undisturbed refuge.

(more on grassland management)


EM10 is a complete mix composed of 20% native wild flowers and 80% grasses (by weight). The flower and grass components are also available to order separately as EM10F for the flower component and EG10 for the grass component.


You can order any quantity of this mixture from 0.1kg up to 2kg. Please contact us if you require more.

nb: 1000g = 1kg, 100g = 0.1kg

Prices include p&p to most mainland destinations, more on delivery charges.


£/100kg £4,928.00
£/10kg £515.20
£/1kg £56.00
£/100g £6.60